is a Mycorrhizal fungi that has existed since the first plants appeared on dry land more than 450 million years ago. They form a close symbiotic relationship with your plants’ roots. They are called Mycorrhizae from the Greek words “mukés“, meaning fungus, and “rhiza,” meaning roots. Mycorrhizal fungi act as a secondary root system that draws both nutrients and moisture from the soil. Also, it helps protect your plant from root diseases and other nasty soil pests. Another hard hitting benefit is that it aids with aeration and moisture penetration for your plant.
Enhance water and nutrient uptake (especially phosphorus)
Reduce irrigation requirements
Reduce the need for fertilizer
Increase drought resistance
Increase pathogen resistance
Increase plant health and stress tolerance
Higher transplanting success
Enhance root growth
Tolerance to salt
Tolerance to root rot
Increase yields and crop quality
Contribute to maintaining soil quality and nutrient cycling
Contribute to controlling soil erosion
Mycorrhizae, what is it?
Mycorrhizal fungi have existed since the first plants appeared on dry land more than 450 million years ago. They form a close symbiotic relationship with plant roots. They are called mycorrhizae from the Greek “mukés”, meaning fungus, and “rhiza,” meaning roots.
Mycorrhizae are microscopic fungi that have threads known as hyphae. The hyphae are entirely interconnected with a web-like structure called mycelium, which measures thousands of miles but is compacted into a tiny area around the plant. The mycelium of a single mycorrhiza, can extend outward and connect a multitude of plants with varying species.
Mycorrhizae can connect to plants in two ways.
ectomycorrhizae: Surrounds the outside of the plant’s roots.
endomycorrhizae: Grows inside of the plant, squeezing between the cell wall and membranes of the plant’s roots.
Most often, you’re not likely to see mycorrhizae because they’re so tiny. But every once in a while, something incredible happens: the mycorrhizae will reproduce and send up fruiting bodies that creating spores—we call them mushrooms!
How do mycorrhizae help plants?
Without mycorrhizae, plants struggle to get nutrients from their roots. The reason being is that their roots require direct contact with the soil in order to absorb the nutrients effectively, and plant roots only grow so small. Fungi are incredible in that they are able to wedge their way in between individual bits of soil, covering the entire soil substance. This increases surface area and allows the plants much greater access to nutrients than they would have gotten by themselves.
Absorbing nutrients like phosphorus and magnesium, mycorrhizae are able to directly feed the plant’s roots with all the goodness it needs.
Your plant gives the mycorrhizae sugar and in turn, it receives nutrients, a symbiotic relationship!
Mycorrhizae can help protect plants against multiple diseases and toxins.
Mycorrhizae form an invaluable part of ecosystems around the world and can be found in some form or another in just about any ecosystem. In many places, whole forests and ecosystems wouldn’t exist at all without their mycorrhizal friends. The next time you’re walking in a forest and you see a mushroom growing out of the ground, be thankful and remember that there’s a whole world buzzing along beneath your feet.
Local South African Grow bags & Mycorrhizae are essentials whether you are a commercial, experienced or novice grower.